How does nitrification work?
In this process, toxic ammonia (found in fish waste or decomposing food) is converted into toxic nitrite by Nitrosomonas bacteria, which is then converted into nitrate by Nitrobacter bacteria. This beneficial bacteria attach to the media within the filter, creating a thin film around the media. As water is pumped through the unit, the bacteria draw in dissolved waste (ammonia and nitrite) and oxygen to convert the waste into nitrate.
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